In this lesson, you can learn about two different types of questions in English and how to make them. Many English learners make mistakes when making questions, especially with words order. It’s easy to make mistakes because there are different types of questions with different rules. We will also check grammatical rules for making a good question in English. Let’s look at some examples of questions.
Why did you say that?
What does this question contain? Well, let’s look. This question has a question word ‘why’. An auxiliary verb ‘did’. A verb ‘say’. And subject You. An auxiliary verb is a helper verb. it’s there to make the question.
It doesn’t have its own meaning. We use different auxiliary verbs depending on the verb tense, past, present, future, perfect like. Let’s look some more examples.
- What are you doing?
- What is your favorite color?
Types Of Questions:
There are four types of questions in English.
- Q-A-S-V questions or WH Questions or information questions.
- Yes/ No Questions.
- Indirect questions.
- Tag question.
Q-A-S-V questions rules :
It’s the most helpful rules in the English if you remember one thing from this lesson makes it this Q-A-S-V. That means question word (Q), an auxiliary verb (A), subject (S), verb (V). This tells you how to make a question in English. This is one of the most useful rules in English. It can help you to make any questions correctly. This rule works really well and it can help you if you have problems with the order of questions. Let’s look at an example. In the last question, you can see that the four parts of the question don’t have to be just one word. It can be multiple words. “How often” & “Your brother” are two words. It won’t change the rules.
- How did that happen?
- How often does your brother play football?
When we asking for specific information we will use question word. Now, lets take another example. In this case, the actual word order is little different. Let’s think why.
- What makes the car special?
Our verb makes. In this case, our subject is “what”. That means the question word what is the subject. It is not common. It’s just an exception. That means we can use sentence word order to a question. But we can use this order only when the question word is the subject.
Q – Question word:
There are few question words in English. The most common are what, where, who, why, when and which. It is not necessary that all question word should start with wh. How is also a question word? Apart from all these words, we could use whose to ask a question. Now let us look each one in details.
Ask a question in English with what:
To ask about the thinks or nature of a substance we could use question word what.
- What is your favorite color?
- What is your mobile number?
Ask a question in English with where:
We use where to ask about a place or location. So if you want to know about any places you have to ask with question word where.
- Where are you now?
- Where is it?
Ask a question in English with when:
When we use to ask about time. So if you are expecting a date or month or even an exact time you have to ask the question with when.
- When is your birthday?
- When do you go for walking?
Ask a question in English with why:
If you want to know a reason or purpose of something, you could use why. It is asking more details about something.
- Why are you unhappy?
- Why are they always talk?
Ask a question in English with who:
This question word is used to ask a question about any person. So if you want to know the identity of someone you could use who.
- Who are they?
- Who is she?
Ask a question in English with which:
If you want to know about any choice or about any available options you could use a word which.
- Which car do you prefer?
- Which day should we meet?
Ask a question in English with how:
To ask about a process or steps, we could use how. An answer will explain procedure or method to be followed to accomplish something.
- How can I walk fast?
- How could you speak English?
To read more about English question other examples click here.
We could use auxiliary verbs (also known as ‘helping verbs’) be, do, have, and will to ask questions.
- Where do you live? (do).
- What do you think? (do).
- Why are you late? (are).
- Who is there? (is).
- What will you eat? (will).
- How does she eat? (does).
- How much does a Redmi phone cost? (does).
- Who is that girl? (is).
- How much does it cost? (does).
- Have you seen the sea? (have).
Yes / No question:
This type of question follows verb + subject order. When we form a question we need question word order verb. That means subject will appear after a verb. Usually helping verb (Auxiliary) will be appearing at the first, ad main verb follow the subject. Just check following example.
- Can you tell me?
- Helping verb is “can”.
- The subject is “you”.
- The main verb is “tell”.
In this question, we already had a helping verb “Can”. But if we are forming a question in the simple present we don’t have any helping verb. So when you form a question in the simple present we use do or does. When you form a question in simple past we use did. So if we have any helping verb we use that auxiliary verb, otherwise, we use do/does/ did.
- Do you tell me?
- Helping verb is do.
- The subject is you.
- Mani verb is telling.
- Did you want a clue?
- Helping verb is did.
- The subject is you.
- The main verb is want.
This three question takes a yes or no answer. It will take Auxiliary verb + subject + verb form. So in short yes or no question take helping verb + subject.
Rules to make questions in English:
English questions follow the same structure. Either auxiliary verb + subject + main verb, or question word + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb. If you want to read more about English question then click.
An indirect question is common to ask questions in English politely. See this question. Could you tell me where I can find this hostel? or would you mind telling me what to do with this product? Indirect questions are made with question phrase, for example, could you please. Let’s see a direct and indirect question. Here you could see word order changes from are you to you are. This is also called as an embedded question as it is hidden inside another question. That is why we are changing this word order a to the normal sentence when we use embedded questions.
- Where are you from?
- Could you please tell me where you are from?
- Do you know where you are from?
- Can you tell me where you are from?
- Would you know where you are from?
The most important thing we need to remember is we should not use auxiliary verb here. One more example is given below.
- Where does he live?
- Could you please tell me where he lives? is correct.
- Could you please tell me where he does live? is incorrect.
- Where did he work?
- Do you know where he worked?
- Just as he worked.
- What did you say?
- Can you repeat what she said?
We use question tag when we expect one answer or when we think we know that answer.
- You are from India, Aren’t you?
- He isn’t here already, is he?
- We can finish by the end of this week, can’t we?