IELTS Vocabularies For Waste Management

(Last Updated On: November 29, 2017)
Solid Waste vocabularies.
Solid Waste

What is mean by waste? Waste can be anything (Unwanted). As shown in the image you could see wastes are those materials or product which are unwanted, useless and worthless materials. Trash is the most common synonyms for waste or waste material. So, if you are going to talk about waste management you must use following words. Waste management or waste disposals are all the activities or process to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.

  • Trash.

  • Waste.

  • Waste materials.

  • Useless materials.

  • Worthless materials.

There are many more, we will discuss most of them later in this post.

Vocabularies for Types of waste:

You could find many more vocabularies for explaining different types of waste. I will list few of them.

  1. Recyclable vs Non-recyclable waste.

    • A waste is called recyclable, if we could process the waste and produce something new from it. and the process is called Recycling. But some of the waste can’t be recycled. Paper is a recyclable and wrapping paper is a non-recyclable waste.

  2. Food waste vs Plastic waste.

    • Food waste can be cooked and uncooked, examples are vegetables and fruits. Most of the plastic waste is recyclable.

  3. Electronic waste.

    • Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices.
  4. Solid vs Liquid waste.

    • Includes household garbage, waste from markets, shops, hotels, materials, drain silt, waste from grass, jungle cutting etc.
  5. Household waste.

    • Main household waste is food waste. Sometimes you could see waste from gardens like grass and sand.

  6. Industrial waste.

    • Most of the industrial waste is highly toxic.

  7. Biomedical waste.

    • Waste produced from the hospital is called as biomedical waste.It includes waste generated from clinics, nursing homes, pathological labs etc such as blades, syringes, cotton, anatomical waste etc.  According to Wikipedia, biomedical waste is any kind of waste containing infectious (or potentially infectious) materials. Read more about biomedical waste on the wiki. Biomedical waste may be liquid or solid.

  8. Hazardous waste.

    • It is an industrial waste or by-product, especially from the chemicals factories and manufactures. Read more about hazardous waste at the wiki.

  9. Plastic covers.
  10. Toxic waste.

  11. Organic material.

  12. Segregated waste.

Methods of waste disposal:

  • Incinerate.

    • Is a waste treatment process also known as a thermal treatment? Incineration is a disposal method in which solid wastes are subjected to combustion. This method is used for disposal of a residue of both solid waste management and solid residue from wastewater management.

  • Compost.

    • Turn biological and organic matter into soil or mulch. Composting is a turning of biological and organic matter into the soil. They are carried out under some controlled aerobic conditions.

  • Landfill.

    • Bury in the ground is the most common and cheap way of waste disposal. This may result in carbon emissions.

  • Recycling units.

Vocabularies for waste management and its Impact:

  • Environment and environmental problems.

  • Impact.

  • Collection of waste.

  • Transfer waste from one location to another.
  • Disposal of waste.

Vocabularies for explaining Problems and difficulties:

  • Disposal.

    • There are many different ways are there for waste disposal. But still, India facing big challenges for waste disposal.

  • Trash pile.

    •  An accumulation of discarded matter as shown in the image.

  • Two fold.

    • You could say it is a two-fold issue.
  • Political will.
    • Political will is required to resolve this issues.
  •  Scientific.
    • We need a scientific approach to waste management.
  •  Unscientific.
    • Most of the Indian cities are following unscientific methods for waste disposal.
  •  Dumping.
    • You could find Illegal dumping everywhere in the city. An open dump is an illegal waste disposal site.

  •  Drop off.
    • Find a location to drop off your trash or recycling goods.

    • Blame.

    • Construction debris.

  • Disastrous.

  • Discard.

  • Groundwater.

  • Leach(The process of leaching is called leach)

  • Leachate(Solution of material leached from a solid)

  • Enormous.

  • Attitude.(Our attitude towards waste management is very important. We should have a very clear vision to process our waste scientifically)

  • Sewage treatment.

  • Cooperation.

    • Public cooperation very important for waste management.
  • Garbage.

  • Temporary arrangement.

  • Permanent solutions.

  • Dumpster.

    • A large trash receptacle.


Waste management is a process which includes collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal. Waste management is also carried out to recover resources from waste materials. Waste management can involve solid waste management, liquid waste management, radioactive substances. Waste management practices differ for developed and developing nations, also it might be different for urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrial producers.

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